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Destructor A.R.A. "Almirante Domecq Garcia " - D-23 1971

 

Nombre: "ALMIRANTE DOMECQ GARCÍA"

Tipo: Destructor  clase Fletcher                Año de referencia: 1971
Otros nombres: Es el ex U. S. S. DD-630 "Braine". Característica A. R. A.: "D-23"

Lugar de construcción: Astillero "Bethlehem Shipyard" {EE. UU). Forma de adquisición: Compra, en operación de estado a estado.

Armamento 

Su batería principal la componían cuatro montajes 127-2 (5"/ 38), simples, cerrados, de tipo pedestal y doble propósito, con un sistema de Control Tiro Mk 37. Su batería secundaria eran tres montajes 76,2-5 (3"150) simples, cerrados, dobles, doble propósito, con un sistema de Control Tiro MK 56. Dos grupos lanzatorpedos triples, mk 32, modelo 2, ubicados en cubierta 01 centro, para torpedos Mk 44. En proa, cubierta 01, dos proyectores para erizos 7 "2 Mk 1 1, modelo 0. Jaula para bombas de profundidad Mk 3, con capacidad para 12 bombas Mk 9, en popa estribor. Tenía capacidad para transportar 50 minas Mk 12. 

Tripulación: 230 hombres. 

Datos del buque- Eslora = 125,30 m; Manga = 13,m ; Puntal = 7,35 m; Calado = 4,70 m para un desplazamiento con carga completa = 3.048 tn. Bajo la quilla el domo sonar sobresalía 1,83 m. 

Sistema de Propulsión: Dos turbinas General Electric en dos grupos, cada uno de alta y baja presión y crucero de 60.000 HP totales, sobre dos hélices, que le permitían una velocidad máxima de 34,7 nudos. Su capacidad de F.O.N. era de 463 tn. Cuatro calderas Babcock & Wilcox, express, con cenicero cerrado, grado de recalentamiento controlado, con horno separado. Dos turbo alternadores a vapor de 350 KW cada uno, de 440 Y, 60 ciclos, factor de potencia 0,8. Un diesel alternador de emergencia de 100 KW 

Ver detalles de la Clase Fletcher en la historia del Destructor Rosales.

Esta unidad fue el USS Braine (DD-630) dentro de la Armada de los EE.UU., construida en el astillero Bath Iron Works, EE.UU. de A., donde se boto el 07 May 1943. Por decreto N' 4164 del 23 Sep 1971 se autorizó la adquisición de los des tructores Cowell y Braine de la Armada de los EE.UU. Nuestro Pabellón se afirmó a su bordo el 18 Ago 1971, en Portland, Oregón, USA, siendo madrina de esta ceremonia la señora Eugenia Domecq García de Forn, hija del Almirante. 

El 22 Ago tras unas pruebas, la tripulación argentina lo llevó navegando hasta San Francisco, donde se lo reparó en lo que hacía a la seguridad en la navegación. El 09 Oct zarpó hacia el país en división con el DD Alte Storni, llegando a la Base Naval de Puerto Belgrano el 12 Nov 1971, previas escalas en San Diego, Manzanillo, Balboa, El Callao, Valparaíso, Talcahuano y Punta Arenas. Permaneció en dicha Base, finalizando su alistamiento el 10 Jun 1972, en que se incorporó a la Flota de Mar.

Su Pabellón de Guerra lo recibió el 10 Dic 1971 del Centro Naval, de manos del entonces Presidente del mismo, vicealmirante D. Eugenio Fuenterrosa. En la misma ceremonia la Sra. Eugenia Domecq García de Forn entregó al buque la espada del Almirante que había permanecido hasta entonces en el Museo Histórico de Luján, siendo autorizada la cesión por decreto del gobernador de la Provincia de Buenos Aires.  

Durante la Guerra de Malvinas, por hallarse el buque en reserva y con dotación reducida, el 24 de Junio de 1982 fue remolcado por el canal de acceso de Puerto Belgrano hasta la salida del Canal del Toro, con municion de ejercicio, fondeando en dicha posición, como estacion de radar de avAnzada, a efectos de cumplir funciones de Control de Tránsito Marítimo y Alarma Aérea Temprana. El 24 Jun 1982, 10 días despues de la rendición,  entró a la Base Naval de Puerto Belgrano de la que sería su última salida al mar, arriándose su Pabellón en forma definitiva el 30 Nov 1982, el que fue entregado junto con la espada del almirante Domecq García al Museo Naval de la Nación. Por resolución del Comandante en Jefe de la Armada N' 679 del 07 Oct 1982 se dispuso su radiación, medida derogada por la resolución N' 224183 del 04 May 1983, declarándoselo material en desuso con destino al Comando de Operaciones Navales, para su empleo como blanco en ejercitaciones de misiles y otras armas con cabeza de combate. 

En noviembre de 1983 fue utilizado como buque blanco en ejercitaciones de tiro de la Flota de Mar, pero en el Libro de Navegación del aviso ARA Gurruchaga del 16 Nov 1986 se lee que zarpó remolcando al ex-destructor Domecq García hasta 39' 57'5 y 57' 56'W. Que el Aviso a partir de 16,00 hs participó en un ejercicio de armas, que "a 17,30 hs se pararon las máquinas y el buque se mantuvo al garete a una milla del ex-destructor. A 19,04 hs se perdió contacto con el mismo..." .

Comandantes

 1 8 Ago 1971 al 21 Feb 1972   Cap. de Fragata  Mario E. Olmos

21 Feb 1972 al 14 Feb 1973      Niecto E. Ayerra

14 Feb 1973 al 1 1 Mar¡ 974      Federico C.Garriga 

1 1 Mar 1 874 al 03 Feb 1975    Roberto A. Day 

03 Feb 1975 al 21 Ene 1976      Carlos E. Bar¡¡¡¡

21 Ene 1976 al 03 Ene 1977      Carlos A. Vaibinger

03 Ene 1977 al 24 Ene 1978      Marcelo A. Linares

24 Ene 1978 al 13 Jul 1978        Jorge A. Mantoyani

13 Jul 1978 al 02 Marl979          José María Arriola

02 Mar] 979 al 12 Feb 1980       Héctor F. Lobbosco

12 Feb 1980 al 15 Die 1980       Antonio A. Russo

15 Die 1980 al 02 Feb 1982       Ricardo Sánchez

02 Feb 1982 al 30 Nov 1982       Cap. de Corbeta Héctor Zurowski

 Su nombre: Fue el primer buque que en la Armada llevó el nombre del distinguido marino argentino D. Manuel Domecq García, promoción 4* de la E. N. M.— distinguido marino, y uno de los fundadores de la Armada argentina moderna, en la cual desempeñara todos los cargos de importancia y comandos superiores, hasta el de Ministro de Marina en los años 1922/28.

En el Archivo General de la Armada se encuentran sus Libros de Navegación bajo los Nos. 1748143144-,1816; 18881112 y su Historial en la Caja de Historiales N' 15. Fuentes documentales: B. N. P.; noticias del diario "La Prensa" de Buenos Aires, año 1971.

USS Braine (DD-630)

Born in New York City 18 May 1829, Daniel Lawrence Braine was appointed Midshipman in 1847 He served in Mississippi and John Adams during the Mexican War. During the Civil War he commanded Monticello and took part in an engagement with the rebel battery at Sewell's Point, in the first naval engagement of the war. He also took part in the attack and capture of Forts Hatteras and Clarke and engaged the enemy at Kimmekerk Woods above Cape Hatteras. Between 1873 and 1875 he commanded Juniata on its cruise to Greenland in search of the ill-fated Polaris Expedition. Rear Admiral Braine retired in May 1891 and died at Brooklyn 30 January 1898.

Diplacement: 2924 Tons (full)
Dimensions: 376' 5" by 39' 7" x 13' 9"
Armament: 5 x 5/38AA; 4 x 20 mm AA; 10 x 21" tt. (2x5)
Machinery: 60,0000 SHP; General Electric Geared Turbines, 2 screws
Speed: 38 knots, Range 6,500 NM at 15 knots
Crew: 273
 

Braine (DD-630) was launched 7 March 1943 by Bath Iron Works Corp., Bath, Maine; sponsored by Mrs. Daniel L. Braine, wife of a grandson of Rear Admiral Braine and commissioned 11 May 1943, Commander J. F. Newman, Jr., in command.

Departing the east coast in the summer of 1943 Braine sailed via San Francisco to Pearl Harbor as an escort for troop transports. She then proceeded directly to Wake Island where she participated in its bombing and bombardment (5-6 October 1943). Between 1 and 3 November Braine took part in the initial landings in Empress Augusta Bay, Bougainville. During the following two months she escorted resupply echelons to the Bougainville beachhead.

  

Con camouflage de guerra

On 15 February 1944 Braine participated in the Green Island landing. She steamed into Rabaul Harbor under enemy fire for night shore bombardment of enemy installations (24-25 February). On 20 March she supported landings on Emirau Island, Bismarck Archipelago. Braine spent the ensuing months in escort work and training for the Marianas invasion.
   

En Tinian, daños causados por baterías de tierra al proteger un desembarco. 14 de Junio de 1944.

Transfiriendo los heridos al USS México luego de los daños en Tinian, Marianas en Junio de 1944.

 

On 14 June she took part in the bombardment of Tinian Island and received minor damage from a small caliber shell but continued operations in the Marianas until 23 June. After spending almost a month in the United States she sailed for the Philippines, via Pearl Harbor. Braine rendered fire support during the Leyte landings (20 October) and repelled an enemy air attack on 18 November. From 4 to 15 January 1945 she participated in the Lingayen Gulf landings.

Braine then proceeded to Manila Bay to support landings on the Bataan Peninsula and Corregidor (14-28 February 1946). She served as a radar picket and support ship for the landing forces at Zamboanga and subsequently at Pollack Harbor, Mindanao (17 March-23 April). She took part in the Okinawa operations as a radar picket ship (16-25 May). On 27 May the destroyer was hit in quick succession by two suicide planes.
   
Foto desde otro buque del avion japonés Kamikaze enfilando hacia el Braine. Impacto en el buque.
El buque en llamas. La tripulacion en cubierta de popa por prevencion.

Daño de impactos de Kamikazes en Okinawa, 27 de Mayo de 1945

Daños por los Kamikazes
Daños recibidos y dados. Daños del primer Kamikaze, babor.
Daños del primer Kamikaze Daños del segundo Kamikaze.

 

The first hit forward seriously damaging the bridge and the second hit amidships blowing number two funnel overboard and demolishing the amidships superstructure. Braine retired to Kerama Retto, Ryukyu Islands, for emergency repairs; departed 19 June; and arrived in the United States 19 July 1945.

On 21 July Braine steamed to Boston for repairs and then proceeded to Charleston Navy Yard for inactivation. She was placed out of commission in reserve 26 July 1946 at Charleston.

Recommissioned 6 April 1951, Braine conducted training in the Atlantic and Caribbean and in the spring of 1952 sailed to the Mediterranean for duty with the 6th Fleet. In October she returned to duty in coastal waters. She joined the 6th Fleet again in May 1953 and remained until October. Between October 1953 and 2 November 1954 she underwent a yard period, conducted refresher training in the Caribbean, and local operations in the vicinity of Newport. On 30 November 1954 she departed for the Pacific and became a unit of Cruisers-Destroyers Pacific Fleet, in mid-December 1954.

En 1953

Early in January 1954 she proceeded to Yokosuka Japan, and Joined TF 77. Braine participated in the evacuation of the Tachen Islands in February and later operated on the Formosa patrol. She returned to the west coast 19 June 1955.

En 1956

Braine's next departure from the west coast was on 13 February 1956 to conduct another Western Pacific cruise. She returned to California 22 July 1956 and has since operated in the San Diego and San Francisco areas.

En 1956, pasando tripulantes a otro barco

Braine earned nine battle stars for her World War II service.

Citacion por hechos cumplidos

 


Configuracion posguerra, en Corea y Vietnam 1951 a 1971

The USS Braine spent the first eight months of 1960 conducting local ASW operations in preparation for joining the USS Bennington (CVS-20) as a Hunter Killer Task Group. She deployed for the Western Pacific in company with DesDiv 212 on 2 October. She conducted local ASW operations in the Hawaiian area. The division departed Pearl Harbor on 21 November for HUK operations in the Philippine Islands. During her cruise she made ports of call at Subic Bay, P.I., Hong Kong and Yokosuka, Japan. She departed Yokosuka on 19 April 1961 for San Diego.

The Braine conducted local operations in the San Diego area and in June entered the U.S. Naval Shipyard in Long Beach for an extensive overhaul. Following her yard overhaul, she returned to San Diego for a period of underway training designed to prime the ship for deployment to the Western Pacific. On 14 August CDR Robert W. Lowman, USN assumed command.

In January 1962 the Braine departed San Diego for the Western Pacific via Pearl Harbor and proceeded to the Philippines in company with DesDiv 212 and the new super carrier USS Ranger. She sailed north to Taiwan for the Formosa Patrol. During the next few months she participated in several joint operations with the British and Australian navies. She visited Yokosuka and Kobe, Japan, Hong Kong and Okinawa. Returning to the United States in July, she was engaged in local operations out of San Diego.

Tomando combustible

In November the Braine was ordered to Panama Canal Zone on escort duty during the Cuban crisis, returning to San Diego for tender availability along side the USS Dixie. CDR Edward A. Williams, USN assumed command on 12 December.

In January 1963 the Braine was awarded the DesRon 21 "E" for overall excellence. At the same time, the Braine became one of the few ships in the Pacific Fleet to earn a Gold "A" for five consecutive years of outstanding ASW performance. She conducted local ASW operations, ASW school ship and night plane guarding for the USS Constellation.

In June the Braine was in San Francisco for plane guarding for the USS Midway and anti-aircraft exercise. On 15 October CDR Robert Juarez, USN assumed command. The Braine departed San Diego en route to the Western Pacific with Destroyer Flotilla Nine and proceeded to Subic Bay via Pearl Harbor. She sailed north to Sasebo, Japan for extensive repairs on her hull requiring dry dock. Upon completion of repairs, she proceeded to Kaoshiung, Taiwan to begin Formosa Patrol with DesDiv 212.

The Braine operated as a unit of the Seventh Fleet from January to April 1964, participating in Strike Exercises/Comtuex and other operations. During this period she visited Yokosuka and Beppu, Japan; Subic Bay, P.I.; Kaoshiung, Taiwan; Buckner Bay, Okinawa and Hong Kong. She participated in operations in the South China Sea with USS Bon Homme Richard (CVA-31). She departed Buckner Bay on 30 March for San Diego.

In May she conducted training operations in the San Diego area with midshipmen for their summer cruise, with visits to Tacoma, Washington and Port Chicago, California. She spent the latter part of the year in yard overhaul.

CDR Elton V. Conger, USN assumed command in January 1965. In February the Braine conducted exercises and drills and refresher training with COMFLETRAGRU. She returned to San Diego and participated in Exercise TEE SHOT, an anti-air warfare exercise. In April she conducted Flotilla Operations off the West Coast.

On 4 June the Braine, as a unit of Cruiser Destroyer Flotilla NINE, departed for the Western Pacific via the northern great circle route. After a rough crossing, she arrived at Subic Bay and joined TG 77.7 for special operations in the South China Sea. On 7 September the Braine covered the coast of South Vietnam firing 2000 rounds of ammunition at fifty different targets. After a trip to Japan she returned to San Diego via Subic Bay, Guam, Midway and Pearl Harbor.

The Braine spent the first half of 1966 undergoing repairs and conducting training exercises off the west coast. On 28 May CDR Fred J. Fleiner, USN assumed command.

On 14 September the Braine left San Diego for the Western Pacific encountering heavy weather with gale force winds and heavy seas requiring a stopover in Midway for repairs. On 19 October she joined TG 77.7 on Yankee Station and participated in Operation Starlight. The mission was to prevent coastal water craft from carrying war materials to the Communist troops in South Vietnam and provide fire support for the First Marine Division.

Durante la campaña de Vietnam

On 4 November the Braine, engaged in a running gun battle with North Vietnamese shore batteries. The Braine returned the fire with over four hundred rounds of five-inch ammunition. At one point while providing fire support from dawn to dusk for fourteen straight days, she was refueled and re-supplied in the dark. During one engagement, the Braine received slight shrapnel damage, but no casualties were sustained. This marked the third time the Braine had been hit by enemy fire. Several cargo crafts were destroyed or damaged. The Commander Seventh Fleet awarded a commendation to the USS Braine for outstanding performance in the action off the coast of North Vietnam. The Braine was nicknamed "The Galloping Ghost of the Vietnam Coast". The Braine was forced to Da Nang harbor for repairs when it was discovered a thirty-five foot section of the port side bilge keel had torn loose. During the tour on Yankee Station, the Braine was visited by two actors from Hollywood--Mr. John Gavin, star of the TV series CONVOY and Miss Martha Raye, accompanied by a musical group. The Braine departed to Japan for additional repairs.

The Braine greeted the 1967 New Year with 12 foot seas as she tossed her way back to Yankee Station, in company with the USS Mullany (DD-528) and the USS Ticonderoga (CVA-14). This transit was marked with an emergency breakaway from the Ticonderoga and a 51 degree roll. On 21 January the ship arrived in Kaoshiung, Taiwan for an upkeep period prior to her departure for Hong Kong. She departed for Yokosuka, Japan via Subic Bay, the last stop of a successful tour in the Western Pacific.

The Braine returned to San Diego. After a period of tender availability, the ship was assigned ASW School Ship. On 8 June the Braine embarked on a Pacific Midshipman Cruise, where she conducted training exercises off the West Coast and Hawaii and returned to San Diego. In September the Braine commenced a three month overhaul at the Mare Island Naval Ship Yard, where two new 5"/38 gun mounts and three 3"50 gun mounts were installed. She returned to San Diego in late December.

1968 was a cruise year for the USS Braine. Her winter and spring months were used for additional training for the ultimate circumstances the crew may encounter, operating with sister ships of Destroyer Squadron TWENTY-ONE. On 25 May the Braine departed for her Western Pacific deployment in company with the USS Horne -- DLG-30 and USS Constellation (CVA-64). After a stopover in Hawaii, she proceeded to Yokosuka, Japan, with intership drills and intensive studies of Seventh Fleet operations. On 7 July the Braine entered the Yankee Station operating area, acting as plane guard for four aircraft carriers. On 25 August, the Braine was called to task and responded with success. An F-4 Phantom II off the USS Constellation crashed on take-off. The Braine recovered the only survivor, LT McPherson, within four minutes of the accident. She departed for Subic Bay for tender upkeep. On 6 September, four of Braine's crew members manifestly demonstrated their valor when they dove into the water to rescue a sailor who had fallen from the pier while returning from liberty The four sailors were BM3 Robert J. Exley, DC3 Raymond J. McDonald, SN Richard W. Klusman and FN Jimmy D. Keener. The ship returned to Yankee Station to resume her duties as a plane guard destroyer. On 2 October CDR Richard D. Van Antwerp, USN assumed command of Braine while at sea.

On 14 October, the Braine departed for Yokosuka, Japan. In transit, MM1 Paul T. Schimpf was killed as he courageously attempted weather deck repairs in the face of extremely rough seas. She returned to the Vietnamese theater on 29 October to provide gunfire support on the coast of Vietnam. Shore bombardment is a rigorous test of a destroyer's stamina and efficiency. For four days, the Braine fired her gun at night in Da Nang Harbor, during the day along the nearby coast. With her mission completed, the Braine departed for Hong Kong, on to Subic Bay and Brisbane, Australia. On 20 November, she crossed the equator at 126°21'E and Neptunus Rex delivered forth his awesome wrath and majesty on the Braine's man lowly Pollywogs. On 6 December, she departed for San Diego, via the Fiji Islands, America Samoa and Pearl Harbor, arriving on 19 December.

In 1968 the Braine went Hollywood. Many of the Scenes for the movie, "In Harms Way," starring John Wayne were filmed on the Braine. Many celebrities visited the ship. The Braine appeared briefly in one scene and was acknowledged in the credits.

The Braine spent the first few months of 1969 for tender availability and local operations and training. On 28 April she made a good-will visit to Acapulco and Manzanillo, Mexico. Local training operations continued. On 29 August word was received that the Braine would become a Naval Reserve Training Ship home ported in Portland, Oregon.

On 30 October CDR C.R. Norton, USN assumed command of the Braine. She made several training cruises in the area. On 16 December, CDR Philip C. Simon assumed command of the Braine and Naval Reserve Destroyer Division 273 based in Long Beach, California.

The USS Braine served as a Naval Reserve Training Ship for all of 1970. The crew consisted of one-half regular destroyer crew and one-half reservists based in Portland, Oregon. The reservists sailed with the ship one weekend a month and two weeks during the summer. In addition, there would be a two week cruise each month for a mix of reservists from anywhere west of the Mississippi River and weekend cruises for various reservists stationed in the 13th Naval District. The ship embarked on training cruises to Seattle and Bremerton Washington; Vancouver, British Columbia; Esquimalt, Ensinada, San Francisco and San Diego, conducting anti-aircraft warfare exercises and torpedo launch exercises. She conducted joint training exercises with the Canadian Navy. The operations included anti-air warfare, anti-surface warfare, multi-ship maneuvers, underway replenishment and individual ship exercises. She continued training exercises for the balance of the year, making several cruises up and down the Columbia River between Portland and Astoria, about an eight hour transit.

The Braine continued training exercises in 1971 and underwent some tender for repair and upkeep. On the last cruise, the Braine made a high-speed (two boilers) run at 27 knots between Long Beach and San Diego.

On 7 April 1971, the Chief of Naval Operations directed that the USS Braine was unfit for further Naval service. He ordered she be stricken from the Naval Vessel Register and approved the transfer of the ship to the Republic of Argentina Navy. The USS Braine was sold to Argentina on 10 August 1971. She was renamed the Almirante Domecq Garcia -- D23. The ship was named after Admiral Manual Domecq Garcia (1859-1951), a student from the Promotion 4 of the Naval Military School. He was a distinguished seaman and one of the founders of the modern Argentine Navy, where he fulfilled all important positions and superior commands. Admiral Garcia was appointed Secretary of the Navy (1922-1928) during the Presidency of Doctor Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear.

On 17 August at the naval base on Treasure Island, San Francisco, California, the ship was commissioned in a ceremony attended by Admiral Garcia's daughter, Mrs. Eugenia Domecq Garcia de Forn. Commander Mario Eduaro Olmas assumed command and raised the flag of the Republic of Argentina.

After minor repairs, the ship left California in October 1971. She was escorted by the destroyer Ara Almirante Storni, the former USS Cowell (DD-547). The ships passed from the Pacific Ocean, through the Panama Canal and arrived at El Callao in November of that same year. During the voyage she participated in exercises at sea jointly with units of the Peruvian Navy. She arrived at the Naval Base of Puerto Belgranso and joined the sea fleet on 21 November 1971, where the Naval Center donated a Combat Flag to the ship.

While in service with the Argentine Navy the D-23 participated in all the exercises and developments of tactical subjects of the Sea Fleet, in navigation and gunnery in different situations of anti-surface, including anti-air and ant-submarine warfare. She participated in Operations UNITAS XVII AND XXI during 1976 and 1980. In 1977 and 1978 she participated in the COMORAN IV and V with the ships of the Navy of Uruguay.

In 1976 with destroyers Pernambuco and Maranhao from the Navy of Brazil, she operated in joint operations. In August 1977 Almirante Domecq Garcia sailed to Montevideo on a special commission on the occasion of the celebration of the Independence of Uruguay.

During the Malvinas conflict the unit fulfilled functions on the control of maritime transit and early anti-air alarm in the area near Bahia Blanca. Many times and in different attitudes she monitored registrations and visits of foreign fishing ships that were there illegally in the Argentine Sea. In 1975 the famous visit and registration of the ship Shackleton, under the English flag, was observed presumable doing oceanographic investigations of the Argentine platform.

The destroyer Almirante Domecq Garcia (D23) was taken out of service in October 1982 by Government Resolution. On 30 November 1982 the ship's flag was lowered. She had sailed 123,000 miles under the flag of the Republic of Argentina. On 19 November 1986, she was used as a target ship and sunk by an Exercet missile fired by a frigate which struck the ship amidships just above the waterline. Her final resting place is 39°57' South Latitude, 57°57' West Latitude.