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DESTRUCTOR "PIEDRA BUENA " D-29 1977

 

 

Nombre: PIEDRA BUENA

Tipo: Destructor Clase Sumner.                Año de referencia: 1977

Datos del buque:

Eslora = 376' 6"; Manga = 41' . Puntal = 23'; Calado = 14' 2" ; desplazamiento = 3.225 tn con carga completa

Armamento:
Tres torres dobles de 5" de doble propósito Dos grupos lanzatorpedos triples Mk 32 Mod 5 para torpedos Mk 44. Capacidad: 6 torpedos en tubos y 24 en pañol. Dos montajes de erizos Mk 11 Mod 0 Jaula lanzabombas de profundidad en popa babor, para 6 bombas de profundidad Mk-9 instalada en 1979. En 1976 se le instalaron Misiles Exocet MM 38 (4 rampas y sus contenedores). Plataforma para operaciones de helicópteros en popa.
Sistema de Propulsión:
Dos turbinas a vapor sobre dos ejes con 60.000 HP en total, que le permiten una velocidad máxima de 32 nudos. 4 calderas Babcock & Wilcox tipo "M" con hornos separados y control de recalentamiento, tiraje a cenicero cerrado.
Su capacidad de FON de 495 tn le permite un radio de acción de 3.990 millas a 12 nudos. Dos turboalternadores a vapor de 500 KW cada uno, 450 V c.a., 60 HZ, trifásico y 50 KW, 120 V, ce. Dos diesel alternadores de 100 KW c/u.

Tripulación: 180 hombres.

HISTORIAL

Es el ex USN Collett (DD-730) de la Armada de los EE.UU. construido en al astillero Bath Iron Works Corp. donde fue botado el 05 Mar 1944 y entregado al servicio el 16 May 1944. Su diseño respondía al tipo "Allen M. Sumner" .

El USS Collett fue comisionado el 16 de mayo de 1944.Tenía puerto permanente en Long Beach, California y en 1966 su puerto fue cambiado a Yokosuka, Japón. Participó de muchas operaciones costeras en Vietnam. El USS Collett volvió en 1968, a Long Beach, California El USS Collett fue transferido a la Argentina en abril de 1974.

En Julio de 1960, el entonces Collet sufrió un serio accidente que costara la vida a 11 marineros.

El USN Collett  fue comprado para su desarme y utilización de sus mecanismos como repuestos de los Destructores en uso, conjuntamente con el USN Mansfield (DD-728).

 La resolución N° 390 bis del 19 Abr 1974 del Comandante en Jefe de la Armada que autorizaba la operación preveía u$s 336.000.- como precio total para la adquisición, alistamiento mínimo para el traslado al país de ambos buques y gastos de personal para los mismos.

El 20 Jun 1974 zarparon ambos buques desde la Base Naval San Diego a remolque de los Avisos ARA Zapiola y Sobral y con escalas en Manzanillo, Rodman, Puerto España, Fortaleza, Salvador y Río de Janeiro, el 01 Oct se hizo entrega del remolque en la Rada La Plata.

Inspeccionados ambos buques, la jefatura del Estado Mayor General de la Armada resolvió el 24 Dic 1974 iniciar el desguace del Mansfield e iniciar el alistamiento para su puesta en servicio del Collett, siendo esto último ratificado por resolución del Comandante en Jefe de la Armada "S" N° 1.496/75.

Nuestro Pabellón se afirmó a su bordo el 17 May 1977 y el 08 Jul 1978 recibió en Buenos Aires su Pabellón de Guerra, obsequiado por una Agrupación Naval Japonesa de visita en nuestro país. Sus reparaciones y alistamiento se realizaron en el Arsenal de la Base Naval de Puerto Belgrano, finalizados el 26 Oct 1977, cuando la Dirección General del Material Naval lo entregó a la Flota de Mar para el servicio.

1977 -- Cuando el trabajo fue acabado, la nave fue examinada. Pasó las pruebas del puerto durante mayo y junio. La nave fue puesta en servicio de mayo 17 como ARA PIEDRABUENA (D-29). Se convirtió en la cuarta nave con este nombre. La nave entonces fue asignada al 2da. DIV. De DESTRUCTORES de la "Flota de Mar" La nave siguió el plan del entrenamiento del año. En octubre, PIEDRABUENA confiscó varios barcos pesqueros que violaban las leyes de la pesca en aguas argentinas. En una oportunidad, el PIEDRABUENA abrió fuego sobre el AURELIA, un buque de pesca de Bulgaria, cuando ella rechazó parar.

1978 -- La nave realizó las mismas tareas que el año pasado. El 8 de julio recibió su bandera del combate como presente de la Marina de guerra Japonesa cuando visitaron Buenos Aires. En septiembre, el PIEDRABUENA participó en la inspección anual de la flota. En diciembre, la nave fue desplegada como parte de la "Flota de Mar" en el área del estrecho de Magallanes debido a la tensión con Chile y el problema de la frontera en el canal del Beagle.

1979 -- La nave realizó las mismas tareas que el año pasado. Participó en ejercicios navales en el Atlántico del sur. Y le fue incorporado el sistema anti-ship de misiles Exocet MM38. 1980 -- La nave se conformó con el plan del ejercicio del año con el grupo táctico del "Flota de Mar," aprobándolo como el año anterior. Visitó Necochea en noviembre, y participó en la operación de "Unitas XXI". (Unitas es una guerra contra submarina del empalme USN-ARA y un ejercicio naval de la guerra, realizados cada año).

1981 -- La nave se conformó con el plan del ejercicio del año en el Atlántico del sur con la primera división del "Flota de Mar." Para el aniversario de Necochea, representó la Marina de guerra junto con el LST ARA CABO SAN ANTONIO (Q-42), que es una nave construida en argentina y el Submarino A.R.A. SANTA FE, que anteriormente era el SILURO USS (SS-339). PIEDRA BUENA también participó en las operaciones de la empresa '81 "y de" Unitas XXII "del" mar.

1982 – GUERRA POR LAS ISLAS MALVINAS-- la nave fue asignada inicialmente al destacamento de fuerzas que cubrió la fuerza anfibia. (Operación Rosario) El destacamento de fuerzas tenía la misión de actuar en caso de que otros países hicieran los movimientos agresivos el noroeste de las islas Malvinas. fue terminado de abril el 2. Luego el PIEDRABUENA fue asignado al DESTACAMENTO DE FUERZAS 79.3, que también incluyó el crucero ARA BELGRANO GENERAL (C-4), que anteriormente era el USS PHOENIX (CL-46); el destructor ARA BOUCHARD (D-26), que era el USS BORIE (DD-704); y el petrolero mercantil, YPF PUERTO ROSALES. La misión del GRUPO de TAREA 79.3 era estar lista y permanecer fuera del área de la exclusión declarada por el enemigo (el Reino Unido).

El submarino nuclear CONQUEROR HMS desde el 30 de abril siguió al grupo de tarea, hasta que recibió la orden de atacar al crucero ARA GENERAL BELGRANO, aunque estaba fuera del área de la exclusión. El submarino atacó a las 16.00 horas del día 2 de mayo con dos torpedos que hicieron hundir el crucero y un tercer torpedo que posiblemente pueda haber golpeado al ARA BOUCHARD (D-26), pero no estalló. Ambos destructores, D-29 y D-26, comenzaron la acción evasiva contra el o los submarinos en el área, y recibiendo ayuda aérea desde la base naval de Río Grande. Debido a la amenaza submarina. El ARA GURRUCHAGA (A-3), que antes era el USS LUISENO (ATF 156); y el buque hospital ARA BAHÍA PARAISO (B-1) vinieron a la escena. El PIEDRABUENA comenzó la búsqueda de los sobrevivientes en los mares agitados. A las 10.40 horas del 3 de mayo fueron avistadas las primeras dos balsas, a las 17.50 horas la nave había rescatado cinco balsas con 42 sobrevivientes, mientras que el BOUCHARD y el GURRUCHAGA habían rescatado cinco balsas con 81 sobrevivientes. Las tareas del rescate continuaron por otros medios. Antes del 9 de mayo, rescataron a 770 hombres, de la totalidad de 1093 que tripulaban el Belgrano. En total, el PIEDRABUENA rescató 18 balsas con 278 personas. La nave llegó Ushuaia el 10 de mayo y después procedió a la base naval en el puerto de Belgrano el 10 de junio y luego continuo a órdenes del Comando en Jefe de la Armada hasta el 10 de Julio que llego a Puerto Belgrano.

1983 -- La nave participó en ejercicios navales con la primera división de la "Flota de Mar." también visitó Punta Quilla en el aniversario de la muerte de comandante D. Luis Piedra Buena. Terminando su viaje final el 29 de noviembre.

1984 -- La nave fue asignada sin el equipo al Comando Arsenal naval el 4 de enero.

1985/1987 -- El 18/02/85, el PIEDRABUENA fue desarmado y sacado del registro de las naves por el decreto número 305/85.

1988 -- el 15 de septiembre, la nave fue asignada como blanco. El 6 noviembre el PIEDRABUENA fue hundido mientras que era remolcado por el A.R.A. SOBRAL en un ejercicio naval del misil del "Flota de Mar." El soplo fatal fue entregado por un misil MM38 disparado por el ARA ESPORA (P-41).

Comandantes
06 Ene 1977 al 03 Feb 1978   Cap de Fgta D. Juan Carlos Abbondanza
03Feb 1978 al 10 Abr l979      CF D. Dante Gastón Bonavera
10Abr l979 al 06Feb 1980       CF D. Oscar Rogelio de Haro
06 Feb 1980 al 17 Feb 1981   CF D. Jorge Osvaldo Ferrer
17 Feb 1981 al 02 Dic 1982    CF D. Horacio Raúl Grassi
02Dic 1982 al 31 Ene 1984    CF D. Eduardo S. Cosentino
31 Ene 1984 Cap de Corb      CF D. Juan Carlos Mezzavoce

Su Nombre: Es el cuarto buque que en nuestra Armada lleva el nombre de Don Luis Piedra Buena, destacado marino y pionero en la defensa de nuestros mares hasta el Cabo de Hornos.
 

Ver tambien: http://www.piedrabuenad29.com.ar/historia.html

USS Collett (DD-730) (de Wikipedia)


Flag Hoist/Radio Call Sign - NKKH

USS Collett (DD-730) was a World War II-era Allen M. Sumner-class destroyer in the service of the U.S. Navy, named after Lieutenant Commander John A. Collett (1908–1942). Collett was launched 5 March 1944 by Bath Iron Works Corp., Bath, Maine; sponsored by Mrs. C. C. Baughman as proxy for Mrs. J. D. Collett; and commissioned at the Boston Navy Yard on 16 May 1944, Commander James D. Collett—brother of Lt.Cmdr. Collett—in command.

World War II

Assigned to the Pacific Fleet, Collett reached Pearl Harbor 16 October 1944 and Ulithi 3 November. From this base, she screened the Fast Carrier Task Force (variously designated TF 38 and TF 58) for the remainder of the war. She first saw action in the air raids on Luzon and Taiwan, which accompanied the advance of ground forces on Leyte, and prepared for the invasion at Lingayen from November 1944 into January 1945. In January the carriers she screened continued to launch air attacks on Taiwan, the China coast, and the Nansei Shoto, and on 16 and 17 February sailed daringly close to the Japanese coast to strike targets on Honshū before giving air cover to the invasion of Iwo Jima from 20 to 22 February.

Collett returned to Empire waters with the carrier task force to screen during air raids on Honshū 25 February 1945, joined in the bombardment of Okino Daito Shima 2 March, and returned to screening during the air strikes on Kyūshū and southern Honshū of 18 to 20 March. From 23 March to 24 April, the force concentrated its strikes on Okinawa, invaded on 1 April. On 18 April Collett joined with four other destroyers and carrier aircraft to sink Japanese submarine I-56 in 26°42′N, 130°38′E.

After replenishing at Ulithi, Collett rejoined TF 58 11 May 1945 for its final month of air strikes supporting the Okinawa operation, and from 10 July to 15 August sailed with the carriers as they flew their final series of heavy air attacks on the Japanese home islands. With her squadron, she swept through the Sagami Nada on 22 and 23 July, aiding in the sinking of several Japanese merchantmen. After patrol duty off Japan, and guarding the carriers as they flew air cover for the landing of occupation troops, Collett entered Tokyo Bay 14 September 1945, and 4 days later sailed for a west coast overhaul.

[edit] Korean War

Remaining on active duty with the Pacific Fleet from World War II into 1960, Collett alternated local operations and cruises along the west coast with tours of duty in the Far East, the first of which came in 19461957. She was in the Far East upon the outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950, and after patrolling off Pusan from her base at Sasebo, and escorting cargo ships laden with military supplies to Korea, she sailed up the difficult channel to Inchon on 13 September to begin the preinvasion bombardment. She carried out her mission, although hit four times by counterfire which wounded five of her men, and on the 15th, returned with the invasion force, to whom she provided gunfire support once the landings had been made, as well as protective cover at sea. Her outstanding accomplishment in the invasion of Inchon was recognized with the awarding of the Navy Unit Commendation. After taking part in the Wonsan landings on 26 October, she returned to San Diego, California 18 November 1950.

Her second tour of duty in the Korean war, from 18 June 1951 to 17 February 1952, found her screening TF 77 as it conducted air strikes on the Korean east coast, training with an antisubmarine group off Okinawa, patrolling in the Taiwan Straits, and conducting shore bombardments along the coast of Korea. Similar duty, aside from bombardment, was her assignment during her third tour, from 29 August 1952 to 9 April 1953.

From the close of the Korean war, Collett served in the Far East in between 1953 and 1959. Early in 1960 she began an extensive modernization, which continued until July 1960. On 19 July 1960, Collett collided with Ammen off Long Beach, California, killing 11 and injuring 20, all members of Ammen's crew. Despite a badly smashed bow, Collett made port under her own power, entering the Long Beach Naval Shipyard for extensive repairs. Her bow was removed and replaced with that of Seaman, an uncompleted destroyer in the Reserve Fleet. On 5 November 1960, Collett departed Long Beach for coastal operations, which continued intermittently for the remainder of the year.

[edit] As the ARA Piedra Buena (D-29)

In 1974, Collett and Mansfield (DD-728) were bought by Argentina as a supply of spare parts for other ships, and towed from San Diego to Puerto Belgrano. However, Collett was found to be in good enough condition to be worth rehabilitating. On 17 May 1977, she was commissioned in the Argentine Navy as ARA Piedra Buena (D-29), the fourth ship of that name. During the Falklands War, on 2 May 1982, the Piedra Buena was steaming in company with the cruiser ARA General Belgrano when the cruiser was sunk by the British attack submarine HMS Conqueror.

On 18 February 1985, Piedra Buena was decommissioned from and stricken from the ships' register. In November 1988, the ex-Piedra Buena was sunk in a naval missile exercise, by an MM38 missile fired by the newly-commissioned guided missile frigate ARA Espora (P-41).

 

At sea in 1945, he met the enemy in Tokyo Bay

By Kenneth M. Perry,  news@seacoastonline.com

At sea somewhere off the coast of Japan with the Third Fleet under command of Adm. William "Bull" Halsey. On board the Destroyer USS Collett, DD 730 captained by Cmdr. J.D. Collett. (The ship was named after his brother.)

Sunday, July 22, 1945, 1300 hours (1 p.m.): "All hands, this is the captain. This morning at 0800, Destroyer Squadron 61 (9 destroyers) left the Third Fleet. Our orders are to proceed on a southwesterly course and enter Tokyo Bay on a shore bombardment mission and to destroy any enemy ships within the bay.

"Our estimated time of arrival is 2400 hours (midnight). All hands will shower to reduce infection in case we are hit. Cover all bunks with your flameproof ponchos in case of fire. General Quarters (battle stations) will sound at 2100 hours (9 p.m.), if not before. That is all."

I said to myself, "That's enough." I had just come off watch and knew we had left the fleet. Our speed had increased to 20 knots. After the captain finished, there was silence for about 30 seconds, then the shouts started.

"Incredible!" "Unbelievable!" "This is it!" "That bay is heavily mined!" "This is crazy!" "This is suicide, we'll never come out alive!" "Their shore batteries on both sides of the bay will destroy us!" "Their submarines guarding the bay will bag us before we even get close!"

I had planned to get some sack time that afternoon, but there was no time now — who could sleep anyway? We were all asking ourselves, "Will we make it out of there or not? What are the odds of not getting hit or not hitting a mine?"

Our tin can was third in line. Maybe the first two destroyers would have the element of surprise on their side, but what about us? Or maybe the first two will hit mines! It's a tossup.

I showered and covered my bunk, then sat down to write home. I picked up a pen, and with a shaking hand began, "Dear Folks: I'm not sure you will ever receive this letter, but we just had an announcement from the captain …."

When I finished the letter and mailed it, I returned to my bunk compartment. Some of the men had been in the Pacific for more than three years and had been on invasions and shore bombardments, but for some reason, this one really got to them — as if they knew their time had finally come.

Remarks were made like, "Have you made your peace with the Lord?" "Don't you regret all those things you've done?" Comments along those lines. Some oldtimers were visibly shaken and weeping — I supposed for their wives and youngsters.

How was I supposed to feel, or even think? An 18-year-old kid, still wet behind the ears. I was a seaman first class and a fire control man striker, hoping to make third-class petty officer in the near future.

I went to chow that night but did not have much of an appetite — no one did.

2100 hours (9 p.m.): Clang, clang, clang, clang. "General quarters, general quarters, all hands man your battle stations, this is not a drill!" Clang, clang, clang.

Reaching topside, the sea was choppy. A typhoon was blowing not far away. The sky was cloudy, but visibility wasn't bad. My battle station was a battery director for a 40 mm anti-aircraft gun mount. If the battery director were taken out by enemy fire, the 40 mm mount could still function by the crew manning the twin gun mount.

The ship was equipped with three twin 5-inch battery mounts, four twin 40 mm battery mounts, 10 torpedo tubes, along with depth-charge racks and 20 mm gun mounts.

We were clipping along at top speed, close to 30 knots per hour. It was still light enough to see the two cans in front of us and two or three of the cans behind us. We were now heading due west right for the bay.

The acrid smoke from our smokestacks caught us in the throat, giving way to coughing and smarting our eyes. We were in battle gear, helmets and life jackets. The enemy had not yet detected us. On and on we rushed, right for the jugular vein of the Japanese Empire!

Three hours to go before we entered the bay — the only shore bombardment carried out by Allied Forces on the Japanese mainland in World War II.

It was hell waiting through those three long, long hours. You could not leave your battle station for any reason. We prayed, we sang, we thought about home, we told jokes, and we prayed some more. At night, always when at sea, all ships were darkened, no light of any kind could be exposed. Even a cigarette could be seen from miles away by a submarine periscope.

Finally, the call came — 2400 hours, midnight. "Land ho! Stand by to commence firing!"

In we swept past Sagami Nada and Oshima islands along the Norkima Saki peninsula.

"Radar has picked up five targets, five Japanese ships under way in convoy! Ready torpedo tubes. Close to 10,000 yards! All batteries commence firing!"

Star shells from the 5-inch mounts illuminated the shores on both sides of the bay, followed by 5-inch shells, in cadence count, boom, boom, boom, boom raking both shores. The 40 mm anti-aircraft guns and the 20 mm guns scanned the skies for enemy aircraft. None were visible; nor could any be heard. Now the black smoke and smell of burnt powder filled the midnight air. We could hardly see or breathe.

What? No mines? No shore artillery? No submarine attack? No resistance? How could this be?

The two destroyers in front had discharged two torpedoes each, from 10,000 yards, at the enemy convoy. Now it was our turn. Fire one, fire two, and the silver streaks were on their way. Each destroyer was ordered to fire two torpedoes (18 in total) at the advancing Japanese convoy outward bound. Then, turn to starboard 180 degrees and move out of the bay.

Now we were under fire from shore by anti-aircraft guns. Red tracer bullets enveloped the sky heading for us, but no hits! The enemy thought we were bombers and that they were under an air attack.

We were into our 180-degree starboard turn. Now we could see results from torpedoes smashing into the convoy. Several of their ships were on fire. Out we went as fast as we came in. How long had we been inside the bay? It seemed like ages. The 5-inch guns kept firing away! The thick, black smoke continued, heavy and acrid, but we didn't care, we were on our way out and on our way home!

The raid was carried out without the loss of a single ship or man! Were we lucky or were our prayers answered? You decide.

The one-sided battle lasted about a half hour. We were officially credited for three ships sunk, one possibly sunk, and a damaged escort vessel.

Monday, July 23, 1945:

From Adm. "Bull" Halsey to Capt. Hederman, commander of Squadron 61: "You are unpopular with the emperor. Good work."

Capt. Hederman's reply: "So are you!"

 

  • Headlines:

    Boston Traveler: "Destroyers lash at Tokyo Bay"

    San Francisco Chronicle: "Sensational raid into Tokyo Bay"

    Washington Post: "Fleet of destroyers sinks enemy ships in surprise attack"

    New York Journal American: "We blew in, blew 'em up in Tokyo Bay"

  • Tuesday, July 31, 1945: "All hands, this is the captain. I have just received this communiqué from Adm. Halsey. He has recommended a Presidential Unit Citation to Destroyer Squadron 61, through the Bureau of Naval Operations in Washington. I also want you to know all hands' jackets (personal records) will be noted with a Commanding Officer's Commendation for a job well done."

    Destroyer Squadron 61 consisted of the following ships: DeHaven DD727, Mansfield DD728, Swanson DD729, Collett DD730, Maddox DD731, Blue DD744, Brush DD745, Taussig DD746, Moore DD747. Capt. Hederman, a native of Dudley, Mass., was commander of Squadron 61. The flagship was Destroyer DD727 DeHaven. The DeHaven was captained by Cmdr. Thomas Miskill, retired. Cmdr. Miskill's homeport is Rye, where he lives with his wife Helena. My wife Barbara and I dropped anchor in Dover — Ken Perry