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ARMADA DE HAITI - SUS BUQUES E HISTORIA  

Basado en  datos de  la web y Jane´s.

Can anyone provide some details on the following Haitian naval vessels of the late 19th/early 20th centuries:

Pacifique (active c. 1915)
Sylvain
Libertane
22 Decembre 1804 (900 tons, active 1860-c.1912)
1804 (600 tons, active 1875-c.1912; possibly same vessel as above)
Saint Michael (850 tons, active 1875-c.1912)
Touissant L'Overture (500 tons, 1886-1915)
Capois la Mort (256 tons, 1893-1915)
Alexander Petion (as above)
 

 

Terreur ex-USS Pequot, purchased 1869, "worn out" 1875

Mont Organise, ex-Columbia, ex-USS Quaker City (served in USN 1861-1865) sold 1871 renamed Republique. Foundered at sea off Bermuda after boiler explosion, 25 Feb 1871. This was the ship that Mark Twain wrote about in "Innocents Abroad."

Alexandre Petion ex-USS Galatea. Captured by revolutionaries at Cap Haitien, 15 Nov 1869. Blew up and sank off Haitian coast, 1893.

Salnave, ex-USS Maratanza. Damaged in action with revolutionaries at Gonaives, 8 Aug 1869. Sunk at Cap Haitien, 13 Nov 1869, repaired, renamed Union.

Triumph, ex-ironclad USS/CSS Atlanta. Sailed from Philadelphia for Haiti 8 Dec 1869 and disappeared at sea. I believe she was overloaded with munitions and gold.
 

Re: Haitian gunboats
Posted by: Andreas von Mach (IP Logged)
Date: November 04, 2006 07:11AM

 
Pacifique (1905)
Built E.De la Brosse et Fuche, Nantes
488.12grt 199.92nrt 632TM 186.8/165.6x27.3x15.5 ft
TE6 Cyl by buildfers 243nhp
Sold Jan 1917 o Greek Venzelist Navy and renamed PETLAN

22 Decembre (1860 by T. & W. Smith, Newcastle)
engined by R. &N W. Hawrthorn 360hp=9kts

built Neafie & Levy, Philadelphia
1804 (1875)
Saint Michael (1875)

Built by Forges et Chantiers de la Mediterrane , la Seyne
Touissant L'Overture (launched Mar 1886)

Capois la Mort (launched 12.4.1893)
Alexander Petion (launched 15.3.1893)

Earl King
launched 22.3.1894 by Ramege & Fergusaon, Leitrh #123
built originally for Major Daris
444grt 170x26ft2inx17ft3in

AvM

I have also wooden sailing vessel SENTINELLE launched 2.8.1880
by Neafie & Levy , Philadelphia for the Haitian Goverment.
110x22x8.5ft. Any ideas ?
 

Two new ships were ordered from Cramp or Philadelphia, ST. MICHEL
and 1804. The first was described as 850 tons, 145 x 33 and
armed with one 11" smoothbore and 8-30 pdr guns. 1804 was
smaller, 600 tons, 145 x 29 and mounting one 10" smoothbore and
6-30 pdr guns. Also still existing was the old gunboat 22
DECEMBRE built in 1860, 900 tons, 208 x 30, carrying 4-40 pdr
Armstrong guns.

The 1804 was used in February 1879 to put down an
insurrection at Gonaives, with President Boisrond arriving with
troops to drive the rebels back into the mountains. On March 14,
1879 the ST. MICHEL sank with its crew and 54 soldiers after
colliding with a British merchant ship off St. Marc. During
fighting in the streets of Port-au-Prince early in July, the city
caught fire. Just at this moment the 1804 anchored in the harbor
blew up with a tremendous bang.

I see these ships were still listed in 1898 so perhaps they were salvaged.
 

gunboats of Capois la Mort class (launched 1893)
CAPOIS LA MORT, ALEXANDER PETION, 256 tons, 45.00 x 6.15 x 2.10 m, 2 shafts, 680 IHP, 14 kts, guns: 1-100 mm Canet QF, 4-37 mm Hotchkiss QF, built Graville, France.
TOUSSAINT LOUVERTURE.
 gunboat (launched 1886 at Le Havre), 500 tons, 50.00 x 7.50 x 3.25 m, 790 IHP, 1 shaft compound, 13 kts, guns: 1-160 mm L/30 Canet BLR, 2-120 L/30 Canet QF.
 

LA LIBERTE (bought around 1910 ex ERL KING), gunboat, 500 tons, 200'0" x 26'4" x 14'0", 12 kts, midship 1' belt armour, guns: 2-6pdr, 2-3pdr, 2-1pdr, stricken circa 1912.
 

1804 iron gunboat (launched 1875), 600 tons disp., 145'0" x 29'0" x 10'0" mean, 1 shaft, 100 NHP, 12 kt, 6-4" (6xI) Armstrong BLR (originally also 1-10" MLR), one funnel, discarded after 1912.
22 DECEMBRE 1804 iron gunboat (launched 1860), 900 tons disp., 208'0" x 30'0" x 16'0" mean, 1 shaft, 360 IHP, 9 kts, 4-4.7" (4xI) 40-pdr Armstrong, one funnel, discarded after 1912.
SAINT MICHAEL iron gunboat (launched 1875 as the steamer JACMEL), 850 tons disp., 162'0" x 35'0" x 11'0" mean, 1 shaft, 120 NHP, 12 kts, 1-11" MLR, 8-4" (8xI) Armstrong BLR, one funnel, discarded after 1912.
That is all I have about Haitian fleet, I will be also interested in all corrections/additions about it.
 

 

 

 

Hay muy pocos datos sobre los buques de guerra de Haiti, pero por Jane´s tenemos una mirada a principios del siglo XX, que detallamos abajo. Para esa época tenia una considerable fuerza, para 1910 ya habia cuatro buques de un porte considerable. Actualmente y desde hace varios años, Haiti no tiene una marina de guerra, ni siquiera como policia del agua o algo parecido y sus fuerzas armadas han sido desbandadas, el pais bajo mandato de las naciones unidas y con fuerzas latinoamericanas - entre otras -  de la UN operando allí.


Para 1902 Jane´s informaba de 5 buques:

Dessalines, corbeta de 1883, 1200 tons, 3 cañones de 4 pulgadas Canet, 2 antiguos de 3 libras y 2 Gatlings. Velocidad 16 nudos

St. Michiel, de 1875; 850 tons. Armamento un cañon de 11 pulgadas y 8 antiguos de 30 lbs. Velocidad 12 nudos.

1804 de 1875. 600 tons. Armamento un cañon de 10 pulgadas y seis antiguos de 30 lbs, velocidad nominal 12 nudos pero puede hacer solo 6.

22 Décembre. Construida en 1860 de 900 tons. Armamento cuatro cañones avancarga de 40 lbs. Velocidad nominal original 9 nudos.

Toussaint L´Ouverture, construído en 1886 en Le Havre, Franciapor Froges et Chantiers de la Medit., de 522 tons. Armamento 1 cañon de 6.4 pulgadas antiguo Canet; 2 antiguos de 12 cms Canet, dods ametralladoras. Velocidad nominal 14 nudos.


En Jane´s de 1910, habia tambien cinco buques identificados:

Toussaint L´Ouverture, que ya detallamos arriba.

La Liberté, ex Erl King, dimensiones 200 x 26 1/2 x 14 pies. Cañones: 1 de seis libras a proa, otro de 6 libras a popa, dos de 3 lbs, 2 de 1 lb y dos ametralladoras Colt en el medio. Este buque tenia un blindaje de 1" en su parte central.

Nord Alexis, probablemente rebautizado luego, figuraba como el Yatch presidencial, pero tenia 2 cañones de 4.7 pulgadas y seis de 3 libras.

Capois La Mort y Alexandre Petion, ambos construidos en 1893 en Forges et Chantiers de la Medit. en Le Havre, Francia, de 300 toneladas, una maquina a vapor de 678 HP y 14 nudos, con y cañon de 4 pulgadas y 4 de 1 lb.


Para 1915 solo tenemos esta informacion:

Ferrier, crucero ex Umbria de 1891, comprado a Italia, de 2.245 tons y 7.500 HP con una velocidad de 18.5 nudos, armamento 8 cañones de tiro rápido de 4.7", 16 de menor calibre y dos tubos lanzatorpedos.

Una corbeta, Dessalines, que seguramente no es la de 1902, ya que ésta tiene 1.200 tons, tienen 3 cañones de 3.9" y 4 menores de tiro rápido.

La cañonera Capois La Mort, de 260 tons mencionada ya arriba, mas dos veleros y la cañonera 22 de Diciembre.

 

Este sitio es publicado por Carlos Mey -  Martínez - Argentina