Historia y Arqueologia Marítima
|Indice Informacion Historica|
Transcripciones de los Libros de Registro del Consulado Británico en Buenos Aires
1834 - Brig "Iceni", Robert Lacy
FO446/4 , FHC microfilm 1494330, folios 110-111 renumbered as 219-222
El bergantin "Iceni", de Liverpool con carga general para Buenos Aires, encallo en el Banco "Arklow" (no existe tal banco en las cartas actuales, probablemente haya sido el Banco Ortiz) cuando entraba al Rio de la Plata. Su popa quedo "colgando" y no pudieron zafarlo, cuando el viento y las olas lo pusieron en peligro abrieron la bodega de popa, debiendo tirar al agua parte de la carga. Al llegar al puerto de Buenos Aires el capitan solicito a los consignatarios que dividieran entre ellos la perdida de la carga de acuerdo a la proporcion del valor del buque, carga y flete.
Luego un contador calculo los promedios generales, las perdidas de cada consignatario y los gastos incurridos, que eran de 43.981 dolares (usaron el termino dolares y no pesos). El valor del buque, flete y carga fue de $ 977.357, por lo que la perdida fue de un4,5% del valor total de la carga. De alli calcularon cuanto debian paar cada uno, habia 29 comerciantes en total, la crema d elso comerciantes ingleses en Bs As en ese tiempo. Se detallan los nombres de cada uno
Es interesante la informacion sobre los materiales y sus costos.
The Iceni left Liverpool
in May of 1834 with a General Cargo bound direct for Buenos Ayres.
When the vessel was entering the River Plate she ran aground on the
"Arklow" Bank. The stern of the ship was "hung" and they were
unable to get her off. When the wind and waves endangered the ship
they opened the aft hatchway and lightened the ship by jettisoning
part of the cargo.
On reaching the Port of Buenos Ayres the Captain of the vessel required the consignees to agree to share the losses of the jettisoned cargo in proportion to the value of the ship, freight and cargo by signing a Bond of Indemnity.
The Captain recorded his "Protest" in the consulate in which he described the events that led to the losses in order to establish that they were not attributable to faults of the ship or crew. The Captain requested the Consul to order a survey of the ship, probably to show that she was seaworthy and to determine her value.
The next step was for an accountant, Robert De Billinghurst, to calculate the General Average, the losses of cargo belonging to the consignees and the losses and other expenses incurred by the ship which amounted to about 43 981 $ (they used the term "dollars" not "pesos"). The value of the ship, freight and cargo was 977 357$ which meant that the losses amounted to 4.5% of the total value.
Then they calculated how much each party should pay, proportional to the value of the ship, cargo and freight. There were 29 merchants with cargo on that ship, nearly a who-is-who of the British merchant community in 1834:
Mohr & Ludovici, Rennie Macfarlane & Co., Alexander Spears & Co., Parlane Macalister & Co., John Dalton, McDougall & Co., James Dunnett & Co., George Nuttall, Daniel Gowland, George Beley & Co., Orr & Jordan, Barton & Wild, Harratt & Sons, Alfred Barber, Hodgson & Robinson, Rodger Breed & Co., William & John Black, Anderson Weller & Co., Brownell & Stegmann, Nicholson Green & Co., Bertram Delisle & Co., John Appleyard, Dickson & Co., J. C. Thompson, Henry Jones assigns Dorr, Reincke & Lees, Plowes & Atkinson & Co., Lafone Robinson & Co., Richard & John Carlisle, McCracken Jamieson & Co.
(se puede hallar informacion biográfica de casi todos ellos en el Diccionario de Britanicos en Buenos Aires (Primera Epoca) por Maxine Hanon, Buenos Aires 2005.)
FO446/4 , FHC microfilm 1494330, folio 115, page 219
This Bond of
Indemnity has been made and entered into on the day of the date
whereof by and between the undersigned the several Consignees of
the Cargo of the British Brig Iceni and the master of the said
Brig Robert Lacy for, and by reason of the said British Brig
having suffered a Jettison in consequence of her having struck
on the Arklow Bank on her passage from the Port of Liverpool
unto this Port of Buenos Ayres whence a General Average on the
ship cargo and freight has been incurred.
Buenos Ayres 22nd August 1834
Lacy master of the British Brig "Iceni" having applied in this
Consulate for an order of survey on the said ship,
Smith Master of the British Barque "Mary Worrall"
Pursuant to the annexed order of Survey dated August 22nd 1834 and directed to us by Charles Griffiths Esquire H.B. Majesty's Consul for Buenos Ayres, We the undersigned did repair on board the British Brig called the "Iceni" of London, Robert Lacy Master and did then and there take a strict and impartial survey of the said vessel.
And we do declare and report that we found the decks of the said
"Iceni" in good condition, also the topsides and bands which
latter had been caulked fore and aft And we further declare that
on Careening the said Brig (as much as prudent in this Port) we
found the copper and bottom in good condition and not injured on
the said vessel being on shore on her passage to this port that
the Iceni is tight and fit to complete any voyage whatever.
to certify etc. etc.
By this Public Instrument of Declaration and Protest Be it Known to all whom it may concern that on the Third day of September in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Eight hundred & thirty four personally came and appeared in the British Consulate at Buenos Ayres in South America Robert Lacy master of the Brig or vessel called the Iceni of London of the burthen of 180 tons or thereabouts who duly noted his Protest in this office on arrival at this Port together with John Barcham mate and John Wilson second mate who declared that the said vessel being laden with a General Cargo they the said appearers sailed on the Thirtieth day of May of this Year on board the said Brig from the Port of Liverpool in the County of Lancaster bound direct to this Port of Buenos Ayres & proceeded on the voyage with light Breezes & fine weather, nothing particular occurred until the First day of June [could it have been August??] when at 4 pm they head bearing SSW distance about 12 miles ship lying SW & by W ½ W with the wind at the south, fresh Breezes & very foggy weather, tacked ship and stood to the ESE and at ¾ past 4 am unfortunately struck at the north end of the Arklow Bank, instantly hoisted signal of Distress, weather still foggy; got out the skiff & sounded & found only 11 ½ feet water, the vessel hanging on her stern, continued to sound in search of deep water the weather then moderate but the fog at times heavy, carried out a stream anchor to the north west with upwards of one hundred fathoms/feet? of stream howser [sic] and hove out upon it with all possible strain, but found the vessel still hung; about 7 am it coming on to freshen from the south the sea making heavy and finding the ship in great danger after consulting with the officers deemed the necessity to lighten the ship abaft in order that she might swing to the howser this was effected with all possible dispatch from the half? deck hatchway a quantity of Packages were thrown over board the exact number and marks thereof unknown as under the pressure of such circumstances it became necessary to lose no time for the preservation of the ship having done this the vessel began to pay off and about half past 1 am cut away the stream anchor as it was dangerous to make any effort to weight it and got clear off the bank, tried the pumps and finding the vessel had made no water considered it best to continue our voyage which we accordingly did, and nothing very remarkable occurred until they anchored the vessel in safety in the Outer Roads of this port.
And the said appearers further declared that the said Brig at the time of her sailing from Liverpool aforesaid upon the said intended voyage was tight staunch and strong & had her hatches well and sufficiently caulked & covered and was well and sufficiently provided and furnished with all things needful and necessary for the said voyage and that they the said appearers and the rest of the ship's company used their utmost endeavours to preserve the Brig and Cargo from damage
Whereupon the said Robert Lacy master of the said Brig called the Iceni entered this Protest to the end that all such loss of damage as the said vessel her cargo tackle or furniture as may have suffered or sustained by the happenings aforesaid and all costs charges and expenses attending the same shall be borne and paid by those whom of right it may concern as being occasioned by the reasons aforesaid and not by or through any insufficiency or neglect of the said vessel her tackle furniture or crew.
and Protested the said appearers have hereunto subscribed their
Names in the British Consulate at Buenos Ayres on the day month
and year before written
The next step was to determine the value of the cargo that had been lost and to share the amount among the shipowners and the merchants proportionally. -----
Statement of a General Average
by Jettison from the British Brig Iceni Robert Lacy master
occasioned by the vessel having struck on the Arklow Bank on
her voyage from Liverpool to the Port of Buenos Ayres in
consequence of which accident remuneration is now sought for
the Parties suffering therefrom by a General Contribution on
the value of the Ship, Freight and Cargo
Arklow Bank - we have found no mention of an Arklow Bank in the modern charts of the River Plate Estuary nor in the XIX Century Sailing Directions. From the information given by Robert Lacy it is possible that they ran aground on the Banco Ortiz.
Este sitio es publicado por Carlos Mey - - Martínez - Argentina
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